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What are Fibroids?

Non-cancerous growth in and around the uterus are called fibroids. They are made up of fibrous tissues and muscles that generally develop during the childbearing age of a woman. The size of fibroids may range from a small seed to a bulky mass that can enlarge the uterus. Women may have single or multiple fibroids at different locations.
Based on the location, fibroids are classified as-

  • Intramural fibroids- grow within the muscular uterine wall
  • Submucosal fibroids- bulges into the cavity
  • Subserosal fibroids- projects outside of the uterus

Fibroids may occur due to genetic changes, hormonal (estrogen and progesterone) imbalance, extra-cellular matrix and few other growth factors that may induce fibroids growth.

How do fibroids look?

Fibroids look like nodules of smooth muscles tissue. In some cases, these rounded growths attach with a thin stem, giving a mushroom-like appearance.

What are the symptoms of fibroids?

The symptoms of fibroids are influenced by the number of fibroids, their size and location. In most cases, fibroids go unnoticed as they do not show any symptoms. However, some common signs and symptoms of fibroids include:

  • Heavy flow during menstrual periods
  • Menstrual periods lasting more than a week
  • Excessive pressure or pain in the pelvic region
  • Frequent urination
  • Difficulty in emptying the bladder
  • Constipation
  • Backache
  • Leg pain

So, if you experience pelvic pain, heavy, painful and prolonged periods and problems in emptying the bladder, it is time to visit the doctor to diagnose and get the right treatment.

Who is at higher risk for fibroids?

Factors that may increase the risk of developing fibroids include:

  • Obesity
  • Family history of fibroids
  • Not having children
  • Early-onset of menstruation

Diagnosis and Treatment of Fibroids


- Two types of ultrasound can diagnose fibroids- abdominal and transvaginal. The doctor can check whether the images produced by the scan shows the presence of fibroids. The doctor may also perform laparoscopy and hysteroscopy to confirm the location of fibroids.


- The doctor treats fibroids based on their size and severity of symptoms. If the fibroids are not causing any pain, the doctor may prescribe few medications to ensure they do not affect your routine.

However, if the symptoms are severe and the size of fibroids is huge, the doctor may prepare you for laparoscopic myomectomy.
Contact Pragati IVF Center to know more about fibroids and their treatment options to prevent them from getting severe.