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Female Infertility

Female Infertility is an ailment that impairs the women's ability to conceive and give birth. It is generally diagnosed after one year of unsuccessful attempts to get pregnant through unprotected sex. In some women, it can be diagnosed earlier depending upon other factors.
Female infertility or women infertility may happen due to a variety of reasons. There are different treatment options for curing female infertility-
Use of medications to maintain the hormonal levels

  • Surgery to treat physical problems.
  • Fertility treatments like IUI, IVF and ICSI.

Due to lifestyle changes, infertility has become a common problem among men and women. Around one-third of causes of infertility are due to female issues and one third due to male issues. The rest of one third is due to a combination of unknown reasons. Today, 10% of women deal with infertility of some kind and the rate increases as the age advances.

Causes of Female Infertility

The possible causes of infertility are many. Therefore, identifying one particular cause could be difficult as many couples face unexplained infertility or multifactorial infertility. Some possible causes of female infertility include the following-

  • Problems in the uterus

    - Fibroids, polyps, septum and adhesions inside the uterine cavity may impair fertility. Some women develop fibroids and polyps with time; others may have a septum, an abnormality present since birth. Adhesions generally form after surgery.

  • Damaged fallopian tubes

    - Any scar in the fallopian tubes due to pelvic infections, endometriosis or pelvic surgery may damage them. The function of fallopian tubes is to carry fertilized eggs to the uterus. Therefore, their impairment prevents pregnancy. It is also called 'tubal factor infertility.

  • Irregular ovulation

    - Hormonal imbalance, abnormal thyroid levels, substance abuse, severe stress, and unhealthy lifestyle may affect women's normal ovulation, making it difficult to conceive.

  • Issues with the number and quality of eggs

    - Women are born with a finite number of eggs that ends early before menopause. Also, some eggs are defective with the wrong number of chromosomes. Such eggs cannot fertilize or develop into a healthy fetus. As the age advances, the quality and number of eggs reduce.

Who are at higher risk for woman infertility?

Some common factors that may put women at risk of female infertility are-

  • Advancing age
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Being obese or underweight
  • Structural problems like damaged fallopian tubes, ovaries or uterine
  • Medical conditions like fibroids, cysts, tumours or endometriosis
  • An unhealthy lifestyle that includes heavy drinking, smoking and substance abuse
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

How is female infertility diagnosed?

Doctor may perform various tests to diagnose underlying factors causing infertility. You have to provide information about:

  • Menstrual cycle
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Pelvic pain or past pelvic infections
  • Past pregnancies and miscarriages, if any

The doctor will run an overall physical examination and pelvic ultrasound to know the reason behind infertility. It will also help to know the possible treatments. The doctor may also prescribe lab tests like blood tests, laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, hysterosalpingogram and transvaginal ultrasound.
At Pragati IVF Center, we provide the best female infertility treatment based on the underlying problems. We provide hormonal medications to overcome ovulation issues and thyroid conditions. Structural problems are also treated through surgery. Lastly, IUI, IVF, or ICSI can be employed to treat infertility.

Female Infertility